and set up for the shot. Now what lens do you wish to use? Do want a wide angle panoramic view, normal distance, or a telephoto long shot? If it’s an outdoor shot circular polarizers punch the color, not only of the sky, but also flowers, trees, land and all that is in the frame. One note on cir. polarizers for best results shoot at a 90 degree angle to the sun. At noon everything is 90 degrees. Second to polarizers would also be a split neutral density filter. The top part is darker and the transforms into a lighter bottom portion. Similar to the tint on your windshield of the car. This helps very much to bring all areas into proper exposure.
Many times the sky, or snow covered mountains will over expose the frame. When this is a possibility, tilt the camera down some and meter on the land portion. Then lock in the exposure, reframe the shot and take the picture.
Many times having a plant, flower or something in the foreground will give you a nice depth perspective. If that is the case be sure and hyper-focus the shot. To hyper-focus the shot focus on the closest part of the scene in the frame. Set the f stop to f22 or the smallest aperture on the lens then reframe the shot. Switch from automatic to manuel focus. Then take the shot.
Use self timer or remote release to avoid camera movement especially if you are shooting slow film or ISO speeds.
Shade lens from possible sun flair - use hand, hat, notebook, another person, etc.
Wait for clouds to neutralize the hash shadows of the sun
Try vertical shots
When photographing people, flowers or other subjects watch for shadows, stray bits of grass or weeds, etc. in the shot. Look to all four corners for clarity and composition.
Be patient. Improving your skills in photography involves trial and error, a lot of pictures, and a little luck.